How to make polyvinyl alcohol

how to make polyvinyl alcohol

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Polyvinyl alcohol is used as an aid in suspension polymerizations. Its largest application in China is its use as a protective colloid to make polyvinyl acetate dispersions. In Japan its major use is the production of Vinylon fiber. Polyvinyl Alcohol. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is one hydrophilic water-soluble synthetic polymer for electrospinning due to the presence of a hydroxyl group in its repeating unit, which makes it cross-linkable by means of its interconnected hydrogen bonding.

Polyvinyl alcohol PVAa colourless, water-soluble synthetic resin hod principally in the treating of textiles and paper. PVA is unique among polymers chemical compounds made up of large, multiple-unit molecules in that it is not built up in polymerization reactions from single-unit precursor molecules known as monomers. Instead, PVA is made by dissolving another polymerpolyvinyl acetate PVAc polyvijyl, in an alcohol hlw as methanol and treating it with an alkaline catalyst such as sodium hydroxide.

The chemical structure of the how to make polyvinyl alcohol vinyl alcohol repeating units is:. When the reaction is allowed to proceed to completion, the product is highly soluble in water and insoluble in practically all pplyvinyl solvents. Incomplete removal of the acetate groups yields resins less soluble in water and more soluble in certain organic liquids.

PVA is used in sizing agents that give greater strength to textile yarns and make paper more resistant to oils and greases. It is also employed as a component of adhesives and emulsifiers, as a water-soluble protective film, and as a starting material for the preparation of other resins.

PVB, a tough, clear, adhesive, and water-resistant plastic film, is widely used in laminated safety glassprimarily for automobiles.

PVF is used in wire insulation. Polyvinyl alcohol Article Additional Info. Home Science Chemistry Polyvinyl alcohol chemical compound. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation how to register power iso for free rules, there may be some discrepancies.

Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback What is a straddle bug Websites. Let us know if you have mae to improve this article requires login. External Websites. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from how to make polyvinyl alcohol of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in how to make polyvinyl alcohol related Britannica articles:. PVB is employed as a plastic film in…. Resinany natural or synthetic organic compound consisting of a noncrystalline or viscous liquid substance. Natural resins are typically alcohl and flammable organic substances that are transparent or translucent and are yellowish to brown in colour. They are formed in plant secretions and are soluble in various organic uow but….

Polymer pilyvinyl, any of a class of natural or synthetic substances composed of how to stop wooden fence posts rotting large molecules, called macromolecules, that are multiples qlcohol simpler chemical units called monomers.

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Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), a colourless, water-soluble synthetic resin employed principally in the treating of textiles and paper. PVA is unique among polymers (chemical compounds made up of large, multiple-unit molecules) in that it is not built up in polymerization reactions from single-unit precursor molecules known as monomers. Instead, PVA is made by dissolving another polymer, polyvinyl. Polyvinyl alcohol is widely used to strengthen textile yarn and papers, particularly to make the latter more resilient to oils and grease. It is also used in freshwater sports fishing. PVA is added into bags that are filled with oil-based or dry fishing bait and attached to the hook. Selvol™ Polyvinyl Alcohols have many characteristics which make them useful in a wide range of applications. By choosing from the many Selvol™ Polyvinyl Alcohol grades available, it is possible to obtain the performance properties required for your specific applications-properties such as water solubility, abrasion resistance, tensile strength, adhesive and bonding properties, grease or.

Selvol Polyvinyl Alcohol is commonly used for adhesives, but it also widely used in industry and agriculture in emulsion polymerization, films and packaging, as well as oil field cementing, paper, textiles, ceramics, and seed coating.

As a top polyvinyl alcohol supplier, we are continually developing new applications and products featuring polyvinyl alcohol. VAM is polymerized into polyvinyl acetate and then converted to polyvinyl alcohol. To access additional literature regarding Selvol Polyvinyl Alcohol, please click here.

The key to working with Selvol Polyvinyl Alcohol lies in finding the right grade to suit your needs. Molecular weight is generally expressed in terms of solution viscosity. The viscosities are classified as ultra low, low, medium and high, while degree of hydrolysis is commonly denoted as super, fully, intermediate and partially hydrolyzed.

A wide range of standard grades is available. Sekisui Specialty Chemicals offers pre-made solutions of some of our standard grades. Physical Properties. Partially hydrolyzed grades have better adhesion to hydrophobic surfaces. The degree of hydrolysis affects the water sensitivity of both the resin and film. Water resistance increases with increasing hydrolysis. The super hydrolyzed grades should be used when maximum water resistance and humidity resistance are desired.

Resistance to organic solvents increases with the degree of hydrolysis. These materials generally act as humectants, holding water in the film. Notes a.

To convert J to cal, divide by 4. Polyvinyl alcohol resins react in a manner similar to other secondary polyhydric alcohols. Esterification reactions of polyvinyl alcohol can be carried out with a number of compounds. A commercially important reaction is the formation of tackified PVOH using boric acid or borax to form cyclicesters.

This reaction is very sensitive to pH, and an insoluble gel is formed above 4. Other esterification reactions include those with chloroformate esters to yield polyvinyl carbonate, with urea to yield a polymeric carbamate ester, and with isocyanates to form substituted carbamate esters. Another commercially important reaction is acetalization with aldehydes. Polyvinyl butyral is produced by the reaction of polyvinyl alcohol with butyraldehyde and is used in the production of the inner adhesive film for safety glass.

Reaction with dialdehydes such as glyoxal or gluteraldehyde can be used to crosslink polyvinyl alcohol. Other reactions include ethoxylation, propoxylation and cyanoethylation. For more information, please contact us. View the application and end use table for textiles, adhesives, paper, building products and specialty products. While S-grades may, under the right conditions, be more cold water processable , all other grades must be cooked. As a general rule, the surface of the water should be moving vigorously.

Addition rates, solids and cook out temperatures vary by PVOH grade as illustrated below. For best results, do not exceed maximum solids.

While the cooking process is straightforward, please be aware of the following pitfalls:. An MSDS can be obtained online. Polyvinyl alcohol is used in many food contact applications including food packaging adhesives and coatings for paper and paperboard. For more specific information on the FDA status of any of our grades, please contact our Technical Services.

Product Availability. Contact us for more information. These products offer a number of advantages in emulsion polymerization applications including improved water solubility and lower foaming.

These borated alcohols yield viscous aqueous solutions, which have a tailored degree of tack and significantly reduce penetration when applied onto surfaces such as paper. Typical Properties. Physical Properties of Polyvinyl Alcohol. Chemical Reactions. Packaging and Storage. Click on image below to enlarge. Download file 35KB. Products Line. Solution Preparation.

While the cooking process is straightforward, please be aware of the following pitfalls: All tanks and lines must be free of borax to avoid coagulation. Tanks should have baffles and flush bottom valves to avoid dead spots where polyvinyl alcohol can agglomerate. Failure to reach the minimum temperature will result in undissolved polyvinyl alcohol no matter how long it is cooked. However, boiling will induce foam.

Avoid high speed, small diameter mixers. These agitators do not provide adequate mixing and tend to entrain air. If a defoamer is used, it is best to add the defoamer prior to the polyvinyl alcohol addition to the water. If solutions are kept for more than 24 hours, a biocide addition is recommended. Maximizing time in the jet and providing a holding tank for the polyvinyl alcohol solution after the jet where solutions may be held for a minimum of 15 minutes will ensure complete solubility.

Please contact us for more information. See the chart below for typical properties and applications. Product Line. Contact us for more information or request samples.

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