What are the signs of pneumonia in a child

what are the signs of pneumonia in a child

Mar 04,  · Signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia usually begin more quickly than signs and symptoms of viral pneumonia. Your child may have any of the following: Fever or chills. Your child may wheeze and the cough may get worse. Viral pneumonia may make a child more at risk for bacterial pneumonia. In addition to the symptoms listed above, your child may have: Chills; Fast or hard breathing; Headache; Fussiness; The symptoms of pneumonia may look like other health problems.

Skip to content. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid. Bronchial pneumonia or bronchopneumonia.

This affects patches what are the signs of pneumonia in a child both lungs. Bacterial pneumonia. This is caused by various bacteria. The streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterium that causes bacterial pneumonia. Many other bacteria may cause bacterial pneumonia including:. Early symptoms of viral pneumonia are the same as those of bacterial pneumonia. However, with viral pneumonia, the respiratory involvement happens slowly. Wheezing may occur and the cough may worsen.

Mycoplasma pneumonia. This presents somewhat different symptoms and physical signs than other types of pneumonia. They generally cause a mild, widespread pneumonia that affects all age groups but more commonly in older children. Other less common pneumonias may be caused by the inhaling of food, liquid, gases or dust, or by fungi. In addition to the symptoms listed above, all pneumonias share the following symptoms. However, each child may experience symptoms differently.

Symptoms may include:. What are the signs of pneumonia in a child symptoms of pneumonia may resemble other problems or medical conditions. Always consult your child's primary care provider for a diagnosis. Diagnosis is usually made based on the season and the extent of the illness. Based on these factors, your primary care provider may diagnose simply on a thorough history and physical examination, but may include the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:.

Chest X-ray. A diagnostic test which uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film. Blood tests. Blood count for evidence of infection; arterial blood gas to analyze the amount of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood. Sputum culture. A diagnostic test performed on the material that is coughed up from the lungs and into the mouth. A sputum culture is often performed to determine if an infection is present.

Pulse oximetry. An oximeter is a small machine that measures the amount of oxygen in the blood. To obtain this measurement, a small sensor like a Band-Aid is taped onto a finger or toe. When the machine is on, a small red light can be seen in the sensor.

The sensor is painless and the red light does not get hot. Chest CT scan. A test that takes images of the structures in the chest. A procedure used to look inside the airways of the lungs. Pleural fluid culture. A culture of fluid sample taken from the pleural space space between the lungs and chest wall to identify the bacteria that cause pneumonia.

Specific treatment for pneumonia will be determined by your child's primary care provider based on:. Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial and mycoplasma pneumonia. There is no clearly effective treatment for viral pneumonia, which usually resolves on its own. Some children may be treated in the hospital if they are having severe breathing problems.

While in the hospital, treatment may include:. With our patient portal you can schedule appointments, access records, see test results, ask your care provider questions, and more. Pneumonia in Children. What is pneumonia? Lobar pneumonia. This affects one or more sections lobes of the lungs. The main types of pneumonia are: Bacterial pneumonia. Many other bacteria may cause what are the signs of pneumonia in a child pneumonia including: Group B streptococcus Staphylococcus aureus Group A streptococcus Bacterial pneumonia may have a quick onset and the following symptoms may occur: Productive cough Pain in the chest Vomiting or diarrhea Decrease in what does a plague on both your houses mean Fatigue Fever Viral pneumonia.

This is caused by various viruses, including the following: Respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV most commonly seen in children under age 5 Parainfluenza virus Influenza virus Adenovirus Early symptoms of viral pneumonia are the same as those of bacterial pneumonia.

Viral pneumonias may make a child from what language does the word conspicuous come to bacterial pneumonia.

Symptoms usually do not start with a cold, and may include the following: Fever and cough are the first to develop Cough that is persistent and may last three to four weeks A severe cough that may produce some mucus Other less common pneumonias may be caused by the inhaling of food, liquid, gases or dust, or by fungi. Symptoms may include: Fever Chest or stomach pain Decrease in appetite Chills Breathing fast or hard Vomiting Headache Not feeling well Fussiness The symptoms of pneumonia may resemble other problems or medical conditions.

Based on these factors, your primary care provider may diagnose simply on a thorough history and physical examination, but may include the following tests to confirm the diagnosis: Chest X-ray. A test that takes images of the structures in the chest Bronchoscopy. A procedure used to look inside the airways of the lungs Pleural fluid culture.

Specific treatment for pneumonia will be determined by your child's primary care provider based on: Your child's age, overall health, and medical history Extent of the condition Cause of the condition Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies Expectations for the course of the condition Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial and mycoplasma pneumonia.

Other treatment may include: Appropriate diet Increased fluid intake Cool mist humidifier in the child's room Acetaminophen for fever and discomfort Medication for cough Nebulizer treatments Some children may be treated in the hospital if they are having severe breathing problems.

While in the hospital, treatment may include: Intravenous IV or oral antibiotics Intravenous IV fluids, if your child is unable to drink well Oxygen therapy Frequent suctioning of your child's nose and mouth to help get rid of thick secretions Nebulizer treatments, as ordered by your child's primary care provider. Next Steps Contact Us. Primary Care Locations. Subscribe to Health Tips.

Moderate Pneumonia in Children

The clothes your child wears or the temperature outside do not stop them from getting pneumonia. The symptoms of pneumonia can vary from child to child. Your child’s symptoms and their severity can. Viral pneumonia may make a child more at risk for bacterial pneumonia. In addition to the symptoms listed above, your child may have: Chills. Fast or hard breathing. Headache. Fussiness. The symptoms of pneumonia may look like other health problems. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis. How is pneumonia diagnosed in a child? Early symptoms of viral pneumonia are the same as those of bacterial pneumonia. However, with viral pneumonia, the respiratory involvement happens slowly. Wheezing may occur and the cough may worsen. Viral pneumonias may make a child susceptible to bacterial pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumonia. This presents somewhat different symptoms and physical signs than other types of .

This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action. Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on March 4, Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites.

Viruses are usually the cause of pneumonia in children. Children with viral pneumonia can also develop bacterial pneumonia. Often, pneumonia begins after an infection of the upper respiratory tract nose and throat.

This causes fluid to collect in the lungs, making it hard to breathe. Pneumonia can also develop if something such as food or stomach acid is inhaled into the lungs.

The signs and symptoms depend on your child's age and the cause of his or her pneumonia. Signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia usually begin more quickly than signs and symptoms of viral pneumonia.

Your child may have any of the following:. Your child's healthcare provider will examine your child and listen to his or her lungs. Tell the provider if your child has other health conditions.

Your child may also need any of the following:. If your child's pneumonia is severe, he or she may need to stay in the hospital for treatment.

Trouble breathing, dehydration, high fever, and the need for oxygen are reasons to stay in the hospital. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Pneumonia in Children Medically reviewed by Drugs. Care Notes 7 related articles. Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA Safety Alerts. Daily MedNews. Monthly Newsletter.

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