What is a oboe instrument

what is a oboe instrument

Choosing an Instrument: The Top Five Oboe Brands

Oboe, French hautbois, German Oboe, treble woodwind instrument with a conical bore and double reed. Though used chiefly as an orchestral instrument, it also has a considerable solo repertoire. The clarinet has a mouthpiece which is connected to a single reed. Conversely, while the oboe has no mouthpiece it does have two reeds-the oboe is a double-reed instrument. The shape of the bell is also quite different. The bell of an oboe does not extend as far as that of a clarinet, and it is also thicker.

The oboe is both a family of instruments and a single instrument and what is a oboe instrument of the double reed group of woodwinds. The double reeds that are members of the family are as follows, arranged from lowest to highest. The oboe was developed from its predecessor, a one-piece instrument called the shawmby Frenchmen Jean Hotteterre and Michel Philidor in the 17th century.

The shawm was a double-reed of the Medieval— Renaissance period. It made up part of the military band of the Saracens during the Crusades, along with trumpet and drums.

The shawm came in six sizes, from sopranino to great bass. Larger shawms were known as bombardes. In early days of its use, the English called it an hautbois or hoboyhow to record a gif suggests how the name developed.

There are three parts to an oboe: the upper joint, the lower joint, and the bell. Tenons are used to connect these parts. There are also dual system oboes. Oboes are used in orchestral as well as band ensembles. Mary Elizabeth is passionate about reading, writing, and research, and has a penchant for correcting misinformation on the Internet.

In addition to contributing what is a oboe instrument to wiseGEEK about art, literature, and music, Mary Elizabeth is a teacher, composer, and author. She has a B. Please enter the following code:. Login: Forgot password?


The bass oboe or baritone oboe is a double reed instrument in the woodwind family. It is about twice the size of a regular oboe and sounds an octave lower; it has a deep, full tone somewhat akin to that of its higher-pitched cousin, the English horn. The oboe is both a family of instruments and a single instrument and member of the double reed group of woodwinds. This group also includes bagpipes, baritone oboe, bassoon, contrabassoon, English horn in F, heckelphone, and oboe d’amore. The double reeds that are members of the family are as follows, arranged from lowest to highest. Aug 07,  · In this film, Timothy Rundle introduces his instrument - the oboe. To learn more about the oboe visit likeloveen.com

Oboe , French hautbois , German Oboe , treble woodwind instrument with a conical bore and double reed. Though used chiefly as an orchestral instrument, it also has a considerable solo repertoire. The oboe proper i.

It was intended to be played indoors with stringed instruments and was softer and less brilliant in tone than the modern oboe. By the end of the 17th century it was the principal wind instrument of the orchestra and military band and, after the violin , the leading solo instrument of the time. The early oboe had only two keys.

Its compass, at first two octaves upward from middle C, was soon extended as high as the next F. In the early 19th century several improvements occurred in the manufacture of wind-instrument keywork , particularly the introduction of metal pillars in place of the wooden ridges on which the keys had been mounted. In France by the number of keys had gradually increased to French players before had also adopted the narrow modern type of reed. Outside France, the decline of patronage and the public enthusiasm for military bands resulted in radically different traditions of playing and manufacture.

In Germany and Austria the many-keyed oboe had appeared earlier than in France, and the bore and reed had developed so as to produce an increased loudness that was clearly of military inspiration. This resulted, after Ludwig van Beethoven , in a long period of neglect for the oboe until it was revived in the late 19th century, largely through the efforts of the composer Richard Strauss.

Germany and Austria generally adopted the French oboe by approximately The history of the oboe in Italy is comparable. The German instrument with a tiny reed survives in Russia; though capable of a certain refinement of tone, it lacks the piquancy and sparkle of the French oboe. In Vienna an oboe resembling the German instrument but more antique in character is played by the Philharmonic Orchestra and the Akademie. The chief factor in playing the oboe is the making of the reed and its control by the lips and the mouth.

Most serious players make their own reeds, although ready-made reeds can be purchased. The raw material for the device is the plant Arundo donax , which resembles bamboo in appearance.

There are several large varieties of oboe. The English horn, or cor anglais, is pitched in F, a fifth below the oboe, and is believed to resemble J. It was much employed by Bach and is also used in several 20th-century works. Instruments pitched an octave below the oboe are rarer. The hautbois baryton, or baritone oboe, resembles a larger, lower voiced cor anglais in both tone and proportions.

The heckelphone , with a larger reed and bore than the hautbois baryton, has a distinctive tone that is rather heavy in the low register. Instruments in other sizes and pitches occur occasionally. Any folk or non-European double-reed woodwind may also be generically called an oboe.

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Britannica Quiz. The Sound of Music: Fact or Fiction? Is s sousaphone a bass horn made for marching? Is there a musical instrument made from a sheep? From guitar strings to steel drums, see what your smarts are made of in this study of instruments. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Accordingly, the bassoon is an oboe, and the saxophone is a clarinet. The oboe French hautbois was first to compete with the violin.

The upper register, difficult and incomplete in the shawms, had to be developed. Hotteterre narrowed the bore of the treble shawm, reduced the size of the finger holes, and considerably narrowed the reed,….

The sawtooth wave, having all harmonics, therefore sounds more like a trumpet or a saxophone than like a clarinet. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!

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