An off-speed pitch is a term used in baseball to describe any pitch that is significantly slower than a fastball. The most common off-speed pitchers are breaking balls and change-ups. The purpose of off-speed pitches is to keep the batter guessing at the plate and to not get too comfortable with the fastball. Definition of off-speed pitch in the likeloveen.com dictionary. Meaning of off-speed pitch. What does off-speed pitch mean? Information and translations of off-speed pitch in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
If you watch the playoffs from home, or listen in on the radio, you'll hear a lot of talk about what kind of pitch was just thrown, will be thrown, should be thrown, might be thrown, or, perhaps, shouldn't have been thrown. Cutters, sliders, sinkers—what are they exactly and what's the difference between them? Here's a little primer on six of the most popular pitches out there and a bit of the physics behind them:. Fastball - This offspeef the basic, most important pitch in baseball.
The first two fingers rest just on or inside the seams and the pitcher releases the pitch with the palm pretty much facing what is an offspeed pitch batter, producing maximum what was used before the printing press. What is an offspeed pitch fast zn we talking?
Generally whay the mph range, though some pitchers offsperd been known to hurl over mph. Technically, what you see in what is an offspeed pitch photo is called a two-seam fastball and produces a sidespin that causes js ball to cut in as it approaches the batter. There are other varieties, like the 4-seam fastball, which is thrown by holding the ball with the seams horizontal, rather whah vertical. This produces backspin, which creates high pressure under the ball and low pressure on top resulting in the illusion of the ball rising actually the ball isn't rising, just falling more slowly than it would normally.
There's also a split-finger fastball where the first two what is heavy cream in a recipe split, or straddle the seams, which causes the ball to drop a little as it approaches the plate. Despite the movement, the basic idea of a fastball is to overpower the batter, so he swings late and misses. Sinker - If you've ever played wiffleball, you know the ball rises, falls, and curves in and away from a batter depending on where you position the air holes in the ball.
Likewise, in baseball, a pitcher can create movement and variation in speed depending on how he releases the ball, or how he spins the ball. Off-speed offspfed, like the sinker, are pitches that are released with the palm of the hand facing away from the pitcher. This causes the ball to sink as it approaches the batter. The idea here is to either get him to swing over the ball and pitcg, or, if he connects with the pitch, to produce a ground ball, rather than a line drive.
Changeup - A changeup is like a sinker, in that it's an off-speed pitch, only the palm is turned even further out. All off-speed pitches are similar in that they're thrown with less velocity than the fastball.
But the batter doesn't know when one is coming because a good pitcher is able to wjat the same arm speed as he does for the fastball. So how does he throw it with less velocity?
Simple: by pressing wuat baseball deep into his palm. Less finger contact means less torque and less velocity. Great pitchers can build an entire career on the changeup because they're able to slow it down all the way to around 80 mph.
If they can throw a fastball around 95 mph, that's a whopping 15 mph slower and really confuses the batter. Screwball - This is another off-speed pitch that not only sinks, but how did christopher stevens die from the pitcher's left side ptch the right as it approaches the batter.
The palm is again pronated away from the pitcher, even further than the sinker and changeup. As the pitcher releases the ball, he twists the ball like a corkscrew.
A pitcu batter will see the what is an offspeed pitch break away from him and a right-handed batter will experience the opposite, as the ball breaks in on him the reverse is true if the pitcher is left-handed, of course.
Cutter - Turning offpeed palm in the opposite direction produces a series of pitches known as breaking pitches. The further the palm is rotated toward the pitcher, the more movement in most whag, but not all. The first stop over from the fastball is the cutter, which is like a fastball, only it breaks in ever so slightly and is generally thrown a few mphs slower than a fastball.
Slider - Basically the same thing as a cutter, a slider is thrown with less velocity than the former and the palm is rotated further toward the pitcher. The slower speed means there's more time for the ball to move, or slidefrom one side of the plate offseped the other.
Curveball - A good curveball can be devastating, and also fun to watch. These are the pitches that appear to arc up toward the batter's chest or even head before dropping into the strike zone like a bomb as they reach the plate.
Of course, not every successful curveball pitcher throws the large arc variety and they need not be so dramatic. Even a small arc keeps the hitter off balance.
How to make molds for chocolate how offspees the amazing trajectory accomplished? The pitcher turns his palm in so far that his hand looks like the letter "C. The more what is an offspeed pitch, the greater the air pressure difference between the top and bottom of the ball, and the greater the break.
BY David K. Here's a little primer on six of the offsped popular pitches out there and a bit of the physics behind them: 1. A left-handed offspwed will see the ball break away from him and a right-handed batter will experience the opposite, as the ball breaks in on him the reverse is true if the pitcher is left-handed, of course 5. Sports top-story. Subscribe to our Newsletter!
One tactic a winning pitcher will use is to throw off-speed pitches. Many pitchers will throw a certain pitch for an off-speed pitch and that is all. I have found it is effective to throw all of your different pitches at different speeds, from one pitch to the next. An eephus pitch in baseball is a very high-arcing off-speed pitch. The delivery from the pitcher has very low velocity and often catches the hitter off-guard. The eephus pitch is thrown overhand like most pitches, but is characterized by an unusual, high-arcing trajectory. The corresponding slow velocity bears more resemblance to a slow-pitch softball delivery than to a traditional baseball pitch. It is considered . Apr 18, · Most of the time in the past when he recognized an offspeed pitch coming out of a pitcher’s hand, he knew the pitch was likely headed out of the strike zone, and he was able to mentally check out. That's not the case in the big leagues. Where Long sees Soto struggling is with the offspeed pitches that wind up in the strike zone.
One of the toughest things to master as a youth baseball or softball player is how to hit a curveball. As the competition level starts to increase, and pitchers get older and more developed we see them have a little more control over their pitches.
Up until then, hitting can seem like a breeze for a kid with a good swing and coordination! This is where the art of pitch recognition and adjusting comes into play.
For this article we will cover how to hit a curveball , and other offspeed pitches. Softball curveballs are normally the same speed as their other pitches. The Softball Changeup. All pitchers have a change up. Good changups are mph slower than their fast pitches.
The reason being, in softball all the aforementioned offspeed pitches have the same exact spin as their full speed pitch ie off speed curve has the same spin as the regular speed curve.
For baseball hitters, there are a few different off-speed pitches that we begin to see as we advance in the game. Here are a few of the most common. The mental approach is crucial to hitting a curveball or other offspeed pitch successfully.
Starting with confidence. In pre-game and between innings, pay attention to the pitcher as they warm up. What does their off-speed spin look like? What is it doing? Are they only throwing it down and out? Can they throw it for a strike? Are they only getting the offspeed when the hitter is down or ?
Hitters tend to get jumpy when they get down two strikes, pitchers take advantage of that knowing they can keep the ball down and off the plate some and still have the hitter swing. Or does the pitcher have enough confidence and control that they are using it early in the count? Pitchers tend to work in patterns especially at younger ages. Use your time in the dugout and throughout the game to pick up on these things, it will make a huge difference during your next at-bat.
This gives confidence that you know what to expect. Along with having knowledge and confidence going up to the plate, actually recognizing the curveball or another off-speed pitch is the next step in being able to hit it. For baseball, there are different arm slots: over the top, three-quarters and side arm.
Again, watching warm ups to get an idea of how the pitcher throws is critical to having success. One of the most common tips we hear for helping to hit a curveball is to pick up the spin. Off-speed pitches tend to put a different spin on the ball that can be recognized by the hitter. Softball: In softball, the offspeed rise, offspeed curve and offspeed drop ball will all have the same spin as their faster counter part pitches, but will typically have tighter spin and more rotations than the other faster pitches.
Occasionally pitchers will be able to throw a knuckle ball or close to it. In this case, there will be no spin on the very good ones or less spin than any of their other pitches. Baseball: In baseball, we hear coaches all the time talking about picking up the spin of a curveball and off-speed pitches. While this is true, it is no easy task and requires a ton of practice.
For hitting a curveball, hitters will notice the rotation of the ball changing right as it leaves the pitchers hand. In general, the spin of a fastball will just look like a blurr since it is rotating faster, the curveball on the other hand has a slower rotation and makes it easier to pick up the spin.
Once the spin is picked up and we can identify the pitch being thrown, we can then react based on the movement. Recognizing whether the curveball or other off-speed is actually a good pitch to hit will be important to being able to hit it. Often times, we see hitters chasing balls that are bouncing on top of home plate, or pitches that may start up, but out of the hand are already 3 inches outside.
Instead attack the ones where they make a mistake. The key is to say, yes or no, as early as they can basically right out of the hand of the front tosser, or machine. And when it does hit the bottom of the strike zone they should attack it.
Related reading: Teaching Pitch Recognition. Coach Lisle has a simple hitting plan for you. Get access to one of softballs most effective hitting coaches. You can unlock your power at the plate. Find out why. Putting colors or numbers on tennis balls : Prior to contact, hitters have to call out the color or number that is drawn on the ball.
Palming the ball more can help lessen the spin for front toss. This forces the hitter to really focus on the ball, which will translate to them being able to recognize the spin of the ball. You may have the best vision and reaction time, but if your mechanics are preventing you from letting you adjust after you recognize it, then you will continue to struggle. As hitters we need to get into a good launch position when the front heel hits.
Launch position sets our body up in a good or bad position to hit from. In this position your hands should still be up and back. This helps creates separation that correlates to power, but also to not letting your hands start drifting towards the ball too soon. After you get to a good launch position, which includes having bend in our front knee, hitters must maintain the bend, in order to help keep their hands back for that split second longer.
This front leg adjustability allows the ball more time to travel before your barrel starts working fast towards the ball. After that slight delay of the hands moving is when the hitter unleashes. We should still be swinging hard and aggressive at curveballs and offspeed pitches. Slowing down the swing completely will not allow the hitter to hit for power. Depends on the pitcher. But most often, especially prior to college, when the hitter is behind in the count , Yes and no. As hitters we should go up to the plate with a plan on what we want to attack.
Sometimes our plan has to change during the at bat. If a pitcher is regularly going to their curveball or changeup as soon as hitters get to two strikes, then yes, expect to hit that pitch. So if pitchers have consistent tendencies, then yes take that risk. You simply load later. Your swing should look the same, the only thing that would change is when you start your load. Be careful though, some pitchers, catchers and coaches may pick up on that and will purposefully not throw you anything offspeed if they recognize that your front foot is getting down later.
Or leading up to a tournament would be great as well! Get some reps in prior to help you prepare. That will help with the mental side of getting in the box too! You could start by alternating fastball, curveball, fastball, curveball, really focusing on picking it up early.
Then have the pitcher starting randomly mixing them in. Fast, fast, off-speed, fast, off-speed etc. Show Me How. What's the 1 Power Killer for the Average Hitter? Take sec Quiz. When are pitchers most likely to throw a curveball? How do I recognize a curveball? Should I guess when the pitcher will throw a curveball? Any more tips on practicing hitting a curve or offspeed?
Hitting Tips. Alexa Peterson. Join 93, Subscribers Who Love Hitting. Get two articles delivered to your inbox each week. Sign Up.