HDL: The good, but complex, cholesterol
Nov 10, · Medications can boost or lower HDL cholesterol. HDL levels are sometimes improved by drugs used to lower LDL and triglyceride levels — such as prescription niacin; fibrates such as gemfibrozil (Lopid); and certain statins, particularly simvastatin (Zocor) and rosuvastatin (Crestor). Measures to raise the HDL include losing excess weight, achieving and maintaining ideal body weight, exercising regularly, quitting cigarettes, taking medications (under doctor supervision) like niacin, gemfibrozil (lopid), or a statin such as Lipitor, Pravachol, Zocor, or Mevacor.
Please note the date each article was posted or last reviewed. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.
Most everyone these days is aware that a high level of cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease. Studies of populations epidemiological research have clearly demonstrated a strong association between low levels of LDL cholesterol and a lower risk of developing heart disease.
LDL cholesterol reduction with drugs such as statins has been demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular risk. With how to put in fake eyelashes to HDL cholesterol, the epidemiology supports an association between high levels of HDL cholesterol and lower cardiovascular risk.
However, unlike the LDL cholesterol story, recent clinical trials of drugs that specifically raise HDL cholesterol have not been shown to improve cardiovascular outcomes. Why is there this disconnect? That has been a pressing question among cardiovascular researchers.
A paper that was just published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology sheds some light on the answer. In total,people were studied. The authors found that low HDL cholesterol levels were associated with a number of factors that affect health, including low incomes, unhealthy lifestyles, higher triglycerides levels, other cardiac risk factors, and medical problems. Thus, the association between low HDL cholesterol and worse cardiovascular outcomes could be due to these other factors and not the low HDL cholesterol itself.
This study found that lower HDL cholesterol levels were associated with a higher risk of death from cardiovascular causes, as prior studies have shown. However, there was also a higher risk of death from cancer and other causes compared with those having average levels of HDL cholesterol.
And there is not a good biological explanation for why a low HDL cholesterol level should do that. What does all this mean practically? Well, first of all, more research on the relationship between low HDL cholesterol and heart disease is still needed.
There are some large clinical trials of HDL cholesterol raising drugs that are ongoing, so these studies may provide even greater insight into whether raising low HDL cholesterol protects cardiovascular health.
In the meantime, it probably means that it what to do if hdl is low unlikely to be useful to take medications solely for the purpose of raising low HDL cholesterol levels. And if you have a low HDL cholesterol level, this study reinforces that exercise and a heart healthy diet are the way to go what to do if hdl is low what are the three degrees of burns decrease some of the health risks seen in people with low HDL cholesterol levels.
Hormone therapy for depression: Are the risks worth… Easy daily ways to feel more connected.
Search Harvard Health Publishing
Mar 16, · Soluble fibers are found in oats, fruits, vegetables, and legumes, and result in both a reduction in LDL cholesterol and an increase in HDL cholesterol. For best results, at least two servings a day should be consumed. Other Dietary Means to Increasing HDL Cranberry juice has been shown to increase HDL levels. Mar 31, · WebMD notes that several lifestyle changes can help you raise your HDL cholesterol to a healthier level. Regular aerobic exercise, maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking can all contribute to higher HDL levels. Nov 25, · Doctors are still trying to find out more about the connection between low cholesterol and health risks. There is no consensus on how to define very low LDL cholesterol, but LDL would be considered very low if it is less than 40 milligrams per deciliter of blood.. Although the risks are rare, very low levels of LDL cholesterol may be associated with an increased risk of.
A low level of high-density lipoprotein, or "good cholesterol," is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke. According to the American Heart Association, a low level of HDL is less than 40 milligrams per deciliter for men and less than 50 milligrams per deciliter for women.
HDL cholesterol is the good form of cholesterol. It travels through the bloodstream in microscopic blobs, removing harmful low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol from the artery walls and transporting it to the liver where it can be reprocessed.
By keeping the inner walls of the blood vessels clean and healthy, HDL also helps prevent the build-up of harmful cholesterol-rich fatty plaques, known as atherosclerosis. A cholesterol test, called a lipid panel, is used to determine HDL cholesterol levels. WebMD notes that several lifestyle changes can help you raise your HDL cholesterol to a healthier level.
Regular aerobic exercise, maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking can all contribute to higher HDL levels. More From Reference. What Are the Different Departments of a Bank?